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A Police Clearance, also known as a Police Clearance Certificate (PCC), is an official document issued by the police or a government agency to certify that the individual named in the certificate has no criminal record. It's often required for employment, visa applications, or immigration purposes. The clearance typically involves a background check to search for any criminal history or outstanding legal issues within a specific jurisdiction.
According to the U.S. Department of State, the process for obtaining a PCC varies by country, with some requiring a personal appearance or fingerprints. In the U.S., the FBI offers a similar service called an Identity History Summary Check. The demand for such clearances is significant; for instance, the FBI processed over 3 million requests for these checks in 2019 alone.
A police clearance certificate is a letter or certificate that contains the details of an individual's criminal history, which can include past arrests. Depending on which country an individual resides in, the methods of obtaining a police clearance can vary. Many individuals who wish to travel to a foreign country for an extended period of time, whether permanently or temporarily, will often need to get one of these certificates.
Usually, government agencies or law enforcement officials will issue a clearance letter on request. It is often printed on official paper, usually with a watermark or official seal. This certificate will usually contain information such as any arrests or convictions. If an individual has never been in trouble with the law, his police clearance certificate will state this instead.
The exact process that an individual must go through to get a police clearance will usually vary from one country to another. Most countries, however, require an individual to fill out a form and send it to a specific address. Some may require fingerprints and a fee.
Residents of United States who wish to get a police clearance certificate must first obtain a form from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). This will also contain a card for fingerprints, and the applicant must be fingerprinted at a specified location, such as a police station. These forms, along with a copy of the person's identification and a fee, should then be sent to the FBI's Criminal Justice Information Services Division.
An individual may need to obtain a police clearance for several reasons. One of the most common is if he wishes to immigrate to, or establish residence, in another country. Most countries around the world require a police clearance from a person before he becomes a permanent resident.
People who work abroad, such as teachers, need to obtain a police clearance as well. Students who are interested in studying abroad will also usually need to get this clearance. Some countries may even require police clearances for certain vacationers.
Countries may require a police clearance certificate from people who wish to become new residents to keep the citizens of that country safe. Individuals who have been convicted of a violent crime will often be denied entry to certain countries. Additionally, arresting foreign individuals for a crime also puts a financial burden on the host country, since the arrest and conviction of an individual takes time as well as money.