We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is a Correctional Facility?

By Jeremy Laukkonen
Updated May 16, 2024
Our promise to you
MyLawQuestions is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At MyLawQuestions, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

A correctional facility is the building that many criminal justice systems use to detain offenders. These facilities may hold accused people prior to trial, convicted criminals, juvenile offenders, and other types of individuals. Some correctional facilities are intended to reform or otherwise prepare offenders for a successful reintegration into society, while others simply detain criminals until they can be released. Types of correctional facilities include jails, prisons, and juvenile detention centers. Each country has its own approach to the criminal justice system and uses correctional facilities differently.

The modern concept of the correctional facility did not appear until the 19th century in Britain. Prior to this time, detention facilities were typically only temporary. Instead of detaining criminals for extended periods of time, corporal or capital punishments were often administered instead. Individuals were sometimes used as galley slaves or sent to penal colonies as well. Long term incarceration was typically limited to debtor's prison, where people were sent when they could not pay their bills.

In the United States, a correctional facility that is operated by a county or local jurisdiction is typically referred to as a jail. These facilities can house people as they await trial, and typically also contain criminals that are serving sentences that are less than a year long. Prison usually refers to a type of correctional facility that is state or federally operated. These facilities can also contain people that are awaiting trial at state or federal levels, in addition to convicted criminals that are serving sentences longer than a year.

The federal prison system in the US has a more complex system of facilities. Under this system, a low security facility is often called a prison camp. Other types include correctional institutions and penitentiaries, which offer higher security. Some of these facilities have a focus on rehabilitation, though others lack the necessary staff or resources. It is sometimes possible to voluntarily study for and gain a general education development (GED) certificate or college degree while incarcerated at a correctional facility.

In addition to traditional correction facilities, a number of specialized systems also exist in many places. Militaries often maintain their own codes of justice and may imprison offenders in special military prisons. Juvenile detention facilities are often used as well to separate incarcerated minors from adults. The cutoff between juvenile detention and a traditional correctional facility is typically the age of majority, though many violent crimes allow younger teenagers to be convicted as adults. Some countries also have special psychiatric hospitals to avoid grouping mentally ill offenders in with general prison populations.

MyLawQuestions is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

By ysmina — On Aug 04, 2014

@serenesurface-- Okay, let's clarify the difference between a correctional facility and prison.

Technically, a correctional facility may refer to a prison or any other facility where people are incarcerated. This includes both prisons that simply hold prisoners for a certain time period and prisoners that are being rehabilitated.

So a prison is a correctional facility, but a correctional facility does not have to be a prison. Jails are also correctional facilities. Detention centers are not really correctional facilities because they are for temporary confinement.

By ZipLine — On Aug 03, 2014

@Krunchyman-- I don't know much about this topic. But aren't the conditions in detention centers easier than in prisons? I mean, minors aren't treated the same way as adults are they?

By serenesurface — On Aug 03, 2014

To me, the word "correctional" implies that people are their to "correct" their behavior so that they can return to society and avoid repeating their mistakes. But most correctional facilities don't actually intend this at all, but rather detention or punishment.

I'm not saying that all criminals should eventually be freed back into society. I just think that we need to separate correctional facilities from detention facilities and do our best to rehabilitate those we can.

By Krunchyman — On Jul 26, 2014

Even though they are known as juvenile detention centers, that's actually an alternate term to use for the word prison. As a means not to scare minors, judges and prosecutors often use the term as often as possible. Despite being a detention center, consider it to be a prison for minors or young adults.

By Chmander — On Jul 25, 2014

When it comes to the crimes that one can commit, overall, I feel that depending on the offense and charge, one should either go to a correctional facility, or a prison. For example, prison facilities are normally filled with rapists and murderers. However, if someone committed one of the smaller crimes, such as shoplifting or driving under the influence, do they really deserve to be paired with those who are serving a life sentence?

By Euroxati — On Jul 24, 2014

In my opinion, there's a difference between a correctional facility, and a prison, which the article brings up as well. Generally speaking, a correctional facility is when you're being held during a court trial. However, a prison is where you go when the trial is over, and you're found guilty. I feel like there needs to be a distinction between the two, as people might get confused if this wasn't the case.

MyLawQuestions, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

MyLawQuestions, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.